• Cephalic presentation

    A cephalic presentation or head presentation or head-first presentation is a situation at childbirth where the fetus is in a longitudinal lie and the head enters the pelvis first; the most common form of cephalic […]

  • Cephalopelvic disproportion

    Cephalopelvic disproportion is a complication of childbirth when the head of the baby is too large for the pelvis.

  • Cervix

    The Cervix is the lower, narrow part of the uterus (womb). The cervix forms a canal that opens into the vagina, which leads to the outside of the body.

  • Cesarean section

    A Caesarean section, also known as C-section, is the use of surgery to deliver one or more babies. A Caesarean section is often performed when a vaginal delivery would put the baby or mother at risk. This may include obstructed labor, twin pregnancy, high blood pressure in the mother, breech birth, problems with the placenta, umbilical cord or shape of the pelvis, and previous C-section. A trial of vaginal birth in some of these situations, including after C-section, may be possible. Some C-sections are also performed upon request.

  • Chlamydia

    Chlamydia is a common sexually transmitted disease (STD). Most people have no symptoms, but Chlamydia can cause serious damage to a woman’s reproductive organs. Symptoms of Chlamydia include thin vaginal discharge and burning when urinating. Long-term irritation may cause lower abdominal pain, inflammation of the pelvic organs, and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID).

  • Chloasma

    Chloasma is a discoloration of the skin, often on the face.

  • Chorionic villus sampling (CVS)

    Chorionic villi sampling is a prenatal test that scans for genetic abnormalities.

  • Chromosomes

    Chromosomes are the cellular structures that contain the genetic information.

  • Circumcision

    Circumcision is the removal of the foreskin from the human penis.

  • Cleft lip and palate

    Cleft lip and palate is a congenital abnormalities (present at birth) that affect the upper lip and the hard and soft palate of the mouth. Features range from a small notch in the lip to a complete “groove” extending into the roof of the mouth and nose. These features may occur separately or together. A cleft lip and/or palate can cause problems for the affected infant with regard to feeding and learning to speak.