• Shoulder presentation

    Shoulder presentation

    A shoulder presentation refers to a malpresentation at childbirth where the baby is in a transverse lie (its vertebral column is perpendicular to that of the mother), thus the leading part (the part that enters first the birth canal) is an arm, shoulder, or the trunk.

     
  • Sonography

    Medical ultrasound (sonography) is a diagnostic imaging technique based on the application of ultrasound. The practice of examining pregnant women using ultrasound is called obstetric ultrasound, and is widely used.

     
  • Stillbirth

    Stillbirth is typically defined as fetal death at or after 20 to 28 weeks of pregnancy. It results in a baby born without signs of life. The term is often used in distinction to live birth (the baby was born alive, even if it died shortly thereafter) or miscarriage (early pregnancy loss). The word miscarriage is often used incorrectly to describe stillbirths.

     
  • Striae (stretch marks)

    Striae (stretch marks)

    Pregnancy stretch marks, also known as striae gravidarum, is a specific form of scarring of the skin of the abdominal area due to sudden weight gain during pregnancy.