• Colostrum

    Colostrum is the breast milk secreted shortly before and for a few days after childbirth. It is sometimes referred to as first milk or pre-milk.

  • Congenital

    Congenital refers to a condition existing at or before birth regardless of cause. Of these disorders, those characterized by structural deformities are termed "congenital anomalies" and involve defects in a developing fetus

  • Contraction

    A contraction, also known as a uterine contraction, is a muscle contraction of the uterine smooth muscle. It refers specifically to the motion of the uterus as part of the process of childbirth. Contractions, and labor in general, is one condition that releases the hormone oxytocin into the body. Contractions become longer as labor intensifies.

  • Cord prolapse

    Umbilical cord prolapse occurs when the umbilical cord comes out of the uterus with or before the presenting part of the fetus. It is a relatively rare condition and occurs in fewer than 1% of pregnancies.

  • Crowning

    Crowning is the point in labor when the baby’s scalp can be seen at the vaginal orifice. This means that the baby’s head has negotiated the pelvic outlet and the largest diameter of the head is encircled by the vulvar ring.

  • Cystic fibrosis

    Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disorder that affects mostly the lungs, but also the pancreas, liver, kidneys, and intestine. Long-term issues include difficulty breathing and coughing up mucus as a result of frequent lung infections.