• Amniotic sac

    The Amniotic sac is the bag in which the fetus and amniotic fluid are contained during pregnancy. The amniotic sac and its filling provide a liquid that surrounds and cushions the fetus. It allows the fetus to move freely within the walls of the uterus. Buoyancy is also provided.

  • Anemia

    Anemia is a condition that occurs when the amount of red blood cells or hemoglobin (the substance in the blood that carries oxygen to organs) becomes reduced, causing fatigue that can be severe.

  • Anencephaly

    Anencephaly is a severe congenital defect in which the fetus has no brain.

  • Anesthesia

    Anesthesia is the medically induced loss of sensation. General anesthesia involves the entire body; local anesthesia involves only a particular area.

  • Antibiotics

    Antibiotics are drugs used to fight many infections caused by bacteria. Some antibiotics are effective against only certain types of bacteria; others can effectively fight a wide range of bacteria. Antibiotics do not work against viral infections.

  • Antibody

    An Antibody is a protein produced by white blood cells to fight bacteria, viruses, and other foreign substances.

  • APGAR scoring system

    APGAR scoring system: A method of evaluating a baby's health immediately after birth.

  • Apnea

    Apnea is a temporary involuntary cessation of breathing. Apnea of prematurity is defined as cessation of breathing by a premature infant that lasts for more than 20 seconds and/or is accompanied by hypoxia or bradycardia.

  • Areola

    The Areola is the pink or brown area of skin around the nipple of the breast.

  • Aspirate (Pulmonary/Meconium)

    Aspirate to inhale liquid into the lungs, or to remove liquid from the lungs with a suction device.